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Sgt. Realuyo: Bury me @ Arlington

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Augusto Roa Realuyo
Sergeant, United States Army

AR Realuyo PHOTO
Death and honor
Bury me at Arlington, Filipino vet pleaded

Augusto Roa Realuyo

After serving his adopted country, a Filipino-American war hero's fondest wish was to be buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

But Augusto Roa Realuyo died in a Manhattan Veterans Affairs hospital last month at age 82 without the Army consenting to his request for a place at the nation's premier military cemetery.

Yesterday, Realuyo's family asked a Manhattan Federal Court to direct the Army to do so, citing his two tours of duty during World War II, his capture and internment by the Japanese and his participation in the infamous Bataan Death March.

"It is very distressing, but I had to do it," Realuyo's brother, Pompeo, 69, a lawyer, said of the lawsuit.

A law signed by then-President Bill Clinton in 2000 grants Filipino-Americans who served in World War II burial rights in national cemeteries, such as one in Pinelawn, Long Island, run by the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Arlington - home to the Tomb of the Unknowns and the graves of President John F. Kennedy and thousands of vets from the Civil War to Desert Storm - is administered by the Army.

And Army officials say Realuyo is not eligible.

So while the issue of his burial site remains contested, Realuyo's body remains at a Greenwich Village funeral home.

"He only talked of being buried in Arlington," his brother explained. "He would walk through the cemetery and point out names and platoons" of soldiers who went through the Bataan Death March.

According to military records, Realuyo was a lieutenant in the Filipino Army until General Douglas MacArthur conscripted him into the U.S. Army in the weeks before Pearl Harbor. Captured by Japanese soldiers on April 9, 1942, he was sent home August 4, 1942, his health in ruins.

"I could not recognize him. He was all bones," said Pompeo, who was 8 years old at the time.

Realuyo returned to service in 1944 and was discharged honorably after the war.

He came to the U.S. in 1946, became an architect and raised three children. When the Philippines became an independent nation in 1946, a law took effect stripping Filipino-American POWs of their status as American war vets - unless they were still in the U.S. Army uniform. Clinton's order changed that.

Realuyo became a U.S. citizen in 1981 and was treated at U.S. veterans hospitals until his death April 25. Shortly before he died, the Philippines ambassador came to his hospital room on the 61st anniversary of the death march to honor him.

"He opened his eyes and smiled a little bit," recalled Realuyo's sister, Amelia.

"I'm not asking for a special favor," Pompeo said. "My brother has already paid his dues."

From a Filipino  
Death March Survivor...  

by Bino A. Realuyo

From a Filipino Death March Survivor Whose World War II Benefits Were Rescinded by the U.S. Congress in 1946

  1. I left three years ago.
  2. If you want to know about my rural childhood, ask my survivors.
  3. If you want to know how I was recruited into the United States army at twenty, ask President Roosevelt.
  4. If you want to know how I ended up in the Death March at twenty-one, ask General MacArthur.
  5. If you want to know how many of my friends perished in the Japanese concentration camps, ask General Homma.
  6. If you want to know how I contracted malaria, beri-beri, dysentery, skin disease, gastrointestinal disease in one month, ask the Japanese Camp Commander.
  7. If you want to know how my military benefits were rescinded at the end of the war, ask President Truman.
  8. If you want to know how I became a 100% disabled veteran, ask my V.A. doctors.
  9. If you want to know how I got burial benefits, ask President Clinton.
  10. If you want to know why I wasn’t buried in Arlington, ask Judge Owen.
  11. If you want to know how I died without seeing the Rescission Act of 1946 repealed, ask me again.
  12. Then again.
  13. I’ve been asking myself the same question for sixty years.
  14. ______.
  15. I don’t know why, really.
  16. I don’t know why Filipinos have ignored it for so long.
  17. I don’t know why Americans don’t know this happened.
  18. I don’t want to think about this anymore.
  19. 46 . . .
  20. 06. Sixty years. I couldn’t wait anymore.
In Memoriam, Augusto Roa Realuyo, 1921-2003

In 1946, at the end of the war, the U.S. Congress passed the Rescission Act of 1946 that denied Filipino veterans war-time benefits. To this day, Filipino World War II veterans, now in their twilight years, continue to fight for their dignity and the benefits owed to them.

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